Each case presents a problem that you, the (future) ABA professional, will need to assess. You will then design an effective behavioral modification program as well as a plan to evaluate this program. Each case covers the theories, concepts and research that we have discussed this term. Your answers to the questions should consist of information from the text and supplemental readings.
I have to complete 3-4 pages per Case Study, with references included on the following and need some help with tutoring/direction.
Case Study 1: William
Ms. Tooley contacts you, an ABA analyst, to assist her with a child in her classroom named William. William is a healthy 6-year-old boy who has been terrorizing his classmates. The problem has been occurring since the beginning of the school year. William pushes, kicks, hits or bites other children in the class. This has often happened during recess time. Ms. Tooley first addressed the issue by scolding William. That did not
appear to reduce the behavior, so she then required him to visit the principal’s office whenever an episode of hitting/biting occurred. These visits also had little effect in reducing the negative behaviors.
What is the target behavior(s) that you will plan to address? Write a target behavior definition.
How would you first assess William? Discuss
the rationale for your choice of assessment.
Discuss one reason why the teacher’s original
methods of behavioral management may have failed.
Design an effective behavior modification
program for William using a combination approach (two or more behavioral
Discuss your rationale for selecting the
combination approach, drawing upon behavioral theory.
Explain how you would evaluate the
Discuss issues related to spontaneous recovery of behavior, extinction and maintenance of desired behavior.
Case Study 2: Annie
Hospital Administrator Rodriguez contacts you because she is experiencing difficulty with an ABA program that you designed for one of her psychiatric patients, Annie. The patient, a 40-year-old schizophrenic female, has been exhibiting a great deal of difficulty with a few daily care routines, including brushing her teeth and making her bed in the morning. The program that you originally designed was a token economy system in
which she would earn 1 token for each completed activity and then collect a reward (extra time in the courtyard) once 10 tokens were obtained. Ms. Rodriguez reports that Annie is not completing the tasks and then as a result, not earning any tokens. She asks you to revisit the hospital to determine what is not working.
What are three possible issues that can occur
with a newly implemented behavioral change program? Discuss what aspects of the
program you would want to check on first before making any changes.
Choosing one of the three potential issues,
elaborate on how this may be negatively impacting the program and how you could
address the problem to increase the likelihood that the program would work.
Discuss the concept of response priming and
whether this might work to facilitate behavioral change in the above case
Describe an alternative modification program
(instead of the one presented) for Annie.
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