One of financial goals of the financial managers is to maximize the shareholders’ wealth. Therefore, merger and acquisition decisions should be consistent with shareholder wealth maximization criteria and financial characteristics of the targets should be considered in the decision process. The NPV method is one of the useful methods that help financial managers to maximize shareholders’ wealth.
Module 5 Case Assignment has two parts. Part I of this case assignment is related to capital budgeting decision and part II is about mergers and acquisitions. Please read both parts carefully before you start answering the questions.
Part I: Net Present Value (NPV) method is one of the most important methods which is used to make capital budgeting decisions by almost every company. NPV method is important because it helps financial managers to maximize shareholders’ wealth by making better capital budgeting decisions.
Suppose Google (http://finance.yahoo.com/q?s=goog&ql=1) is considering a new project that will cost $2,425,000 (initial cash outflow). The company has provided the following cash flow figures to you:
Year Cash Flow
If Google’s cost of capital (discount rate) is 11%, what is the project’s net present value? Based on your analysis and findings, what would you recommend to the executives and the shareholders of Google? Should the project be accepted? The shareholders of Google would also like to know the meaning of NPV concept.
You may use the following steps to calculate NPV:
1) Calculate present value (PV) of cash inflow (CF)
PV of CF = CF1 / (1+r)1 + CF2 / (1+r)2 + CF3 / (1+r)3 + CF4 / (1+r)4 + CF5 / (1+r)5
2) Calculate NPV NPV = Total PV of CF – Initial cash outflow
-Initial cash outflow + Total PV of CF
r = Discount rate (9%)
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