Pathopysiololgy; Demonstrate the pathophysiological concepts that pertain to this case study Custom Essay


Concept map requirements for inclusion:
a. Demonstrate the pathophysiological concepts that pertain to this case study.
b. Indicate relationships between concepts—group clusters or patterns of signs and symptoms.
3. Complete the critical thinking questions.
a. Demonstrate your understanding of the case by answering the critical thinking questions.
b. References should be in APA format.
B.B. is a 45-year-old gentleman who presents with symptoms of acute lower back pain following his lifting of a heavy load (forward flexion) and presents with the following physical findings:
• He cannot straighten up
• Point tenderness over his lumbar spine
• Numbness over the left anterior thigh and leg, extending all the way to the medial aspect of his foot and great toe
• Motor testing finds some weakness in knee extension
• Diminished patellar reflex
• Positive straight leg rise on the left
Critical Thinking Questions:
1. What are the “red flags” of back pain that must be considered in the management of any patient? Explain the pathophysiology of the “red flags.” If this patient had any of them, how would it change the management plan?
2. What is cauda equina? How do you know if this patient has it?
3. What might cause a patient to be more susceptible to a vertebral fracture?

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